Archive for March, 2014

The determination of the Indian Air Force (IAF) to license-build 106 Swiss Pilatus PC-7 Mk II basic trainer aircraft has aggravated its differences with the Ministry of Defence (MoD), which resolutely opposes this proposal.

On 24 March the IAF issued a request for information (RfI) inviting local private-sector companies to submit by 21 April offers to supply 106 PC-7 Mk II tandem-seat turbo-trainers for its overall requirement for 181 basic trainers. The IAF acquired 75 PC-7s in 2012 for USD1 billion; deliveries are scheduled for completion by the end of 2015.The RfI requires Indian vendors to form a joint venture (JV) with Pilatus under the ‘Buy and Make (Indian)’ category of the MoD’s Defence Procurement Procedure.

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Although India has temporarily suspended its part in the search for missing Malaysia Airlines jet, it has turned out to be a costly affair, experts say.

Although India has temporarily suspended its part in the search for missing Malaysia Airlines jet, it has turned out to be a costly affair, experts say.In the hunt for MH370–which India dubbed Operation Search Light—the country deployed six ships – three each from the navy and the coast guard. It also lent Dornier aircraft belonging to the navy and the coast guard and even its P-8I, a long-range maritime patrol and anti-submarine aircraft, to the effort.India on Sunday suspended its search operations, which covered more than 200,000 square kilometers of the Andaman Sea and Indian Ocean.

Here is a quick look at the vital statistics of some of the military hardware that was deployed:

P-8I Aircraft: P-8I Poseidon aircraft manufactured by Boeing Co. is a long range anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare aircraft that is also used for surveillance. The aircraft is capable of carrying out maritime as well as littoral operations.
It has a length of 129.5 feet and has a wingspan of 123.6 feet. It travels at a speed of 490 knots and can accommodate nine people.

C-130J: The C-130J Super Hercules aircraft produced by Lockheed Martin Corp. is capable of flying up to 9,000 kilometers on a single hop and has a payload of close to 20 tons.

INS Saryu: The Indian vessel is mainly meant for surveillance, patrolling and providing security. The ship is capable of carrying a helicopter and comes with a SRGM 76.22 mm gun and two 30 mm guns. It is equipped with the latest navigational systems and early-warning radar.
The top speed this ship can attain is 25 knots thanks to its two large diesel engines. It joined the Indian Navy fleet just last year in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

INS Kumbhir: The INS Kumbhir—which means crocodile–is an amphibious warship commissioned by the Indian Navy in 1986. The ships are used to transport troops and military equipment to the shore during a military operation. It is capable of traveling in shallow waters. The vessel is 83.9 meters long and can reach a speed of 18 knots.

INS Kesari: The INS Kesari belongs to the Indian Navy’s Shardul class and is mainly used to transport troops, vehicles and cargo during a military operation.
The 124.8 meter-long vessel can reach a speed of 15.8 knots.
Kanaklata Barua and Bhikaji Cama: These are small but fast-moving patrolling vessels operated by the Indian coast guard. They are around 45 meters long and can travel at a speed of 30 knots an hour. They have the space to carry 30 to 35 people.

CGS Sagar: This is a large patrolling vessel with a helicopter on board. Sagar is 103 meters long and can carry around 120 people. The highest speed the ship can attain is 25 knots an hour. It was looking for the missing jet in the Straits of Malacca.

Dornier aircraft: These are smaller aircraft primarily used for surveillance purposes and can fly for up to about four and a half hours. They can carry eight to 10 people. These planes were deployed near the Andaman and Nicobar islands.

MI-17 V5: The Russia-made helicopter is equipped with modern avionics and can be flown using night vision goggles.

Chetak: It is a single-engine, light utility helicopter and the Indian version of a French helicopter that is produced by state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. The Chetak has a capacity of six passengers.

The United States and Russia combined supplied over half of all arms exports worldwide in the past five years, according to new data on the industry compiled by a European think tank.

The US topped the list of arms exporting countries, accounting for 29 percent of shipments worldwide in the five year period through 2013, with Russia taking second place with 27 percent, according to the report published Monday by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

Germany came in third with 7 percent, followed by China (6 percent), which recently surpassed fifth-place France (5 percent).

Indian weapons imports more than doubled in the past decade, with Russia supplying 75 percent of all arms sales to India in the past five years.

Security systems have become an intergral part of virtually every fact of life.Aviation security, cyber and disaster management along with this fire protection and prevention in industrial and public place have also assumed increasing relevance.


With changes in the trend and chapter of crime besides its growing sophistication, is has become imperative that counter measures be reviewed and upgraded from time to time. Another factor thats warrants the periodic review is the fast changing security technology scenario ans modus operndi of prepertrators of crime.On account of this, there has been paradigm shift in the Security Scenario and planning allover the world. Inernal security is today assuming great importance with passage of time and is major concern for all countries. Police modernization has become a major priority today. The demand for security equipment in recent time has gone up manifolds and it is estimated that India will be investing Rs. 550 billion in the private security industry by 2016. No wonder India today is the world’s largest importer of security and defence equipment. Reliance on technology is incresing everyday.

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The Indian Navy has declined, for now, a Russian offer to mount the Kashtan air defense system on India’s INS Vikramaditya aircraft carrier, and instead will seek a system through open competition, a Defence Ministry source said.

The Indian Navy has declined, for now, a Russian offer to mount the Kashtan air defense system on India’s INS Vikramaditya aircraft carrier, and instead will seek a system through open competition, a Defence Ministry source said.Originally, the former Admiral Gorshkov was to be mounted with an Indo-Israeli air defense system, the long-range surface-to-air missile system, which has been under development by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation since 2007. But technical problems created uncertainty about whether the system would ever be completed, the MoD source said.

During a recent meeting here of the India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation, Russia offered to mount the Kashtan close-in weapon system to meet the Russian-built carrier’s air defense needs. While the system has not been rejected outright, the Navy says it wants to explore the market for alternate systems.

The Vikramaditya, which went through a refit at Russia’s Sevmash shipyard, sailed to India last month without an air defense system on board. The MoD source said the Navy has made a request to begin the process of acquiring a system.

The Israelis have approached the MoD and made a presentation of the Barak air defense system; the French also have expressed interest in participating in the competition if held, the MoD source said.

An Indian Navy official said the service has faced problems in the timely supply of spares from Russia for several of “their assets,” including submarines, and the lengthy delay in acquiring the carrier drove the decision to decline the Russian offer for Kashtan.

“Better options should be explored for getting weapons for the Russian-built carrier,” the official said.

When asked if the Vikramaditya is vulnerable to enemy attack because it lacks an air defense system, the Navy official said the carrier will function in a group where other frigates and destroyers will provide adequate air defense.

A diplomat with the Russian Embassy here said the offer to mount the Kashtan system on the ship has always been open to the Indian Navy, but it never showed interest in receiving the system.

“The Indian Navy has yet to decide the weapon systems it wants to mount on the Russian carrier, nearly a decade after the deal was inked in 2004,” said Mahindra Singh, a retired Indian Army major general and defense analyst

The Vikramaditya will be fitted with 20mm and 30mm guns along with the air defense system, another Navy official said.

The Navy has one operating 50-year-old aircraft carrier, INS Viraat, whose life has been extended to 2017, when the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier joins the service.

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India, which imported around $3 billion worth of military gear in 2010, had an import tab of $5.9 billion last year, and IHS (IHS) forecasts the total will be about $6.7 billion this year and $8.16 billion in 2015.

Once again, Indians are mourning after a tragedy aboard one of the navy’s submarines. After an accident on the INS Sindhuratna filled the vessel with smoke yesterday, two officers with severe burns died and seven other sailors suffering from smoke inhalation had to be flown to safety. Last year, an explosion aboard another Indian sub left 18 sailors dead. Shortly after Wednesday’s incident, Indian Navy Chief of Staff D.K. Joshi resigned, effective immediately.Wednesday’s accident comes at a bad time for India’s embattled government. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s Congress Party, facing a string of corruption scandals as well as a lackluster economy, will probably lose in the upcoming national elections due by May. The leader of the largest opposition party, Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, is a Hindu nationalist who argues that Singh hasn’t been tough enough, especially toward the country’s assertive neighbor to the north—China.In his first major speech as the Bharatiya Janata Party’s leader last September, he accused the Congress-led government of not doing enough to protect India’s borders. “Unless there is a capable government, patriotic government, there cannot be any guarantee of security,” Modi said. Over the weekend, Modi criticized what he called China’s “expansionary mindset.”

Sonia Gandhi and other Congress Party leaders had tried to inoculate the government from attacks from the right by dramatically increasing the amount of military equipment it purchases from overseas suppliers. Indeed, nobody imports more military hardware than the Indians. The nation tops the list of countries that buy weaponry overseas, ahead of No. 2 Saudi Arabia and No. 3 Turkey, according to a report published today by IHS Jane’s Aerospace & Defense Forecasting.

India, which imported around $3 billion worth of military gear in 2010, had an import tab of $5.9 billion last year, and IHS (IHS) forecasts the total will be about $6.7 billion this year and $8.16 billion in 2015. The increase in imports has been “spectacular,” IHS senior analyst Ben Moores said in a statement.

The biggest beneficiary of the free-spending Indians has been the U.S. India is now the largest defense market for America’s defense industry, and its appetite for U.S.-made military gear is likely to get even stronger, says Paul Burton, content director for defense industry and budget at IHS Defense in Singapore. U.S. military exports to India totaled $1.9 billion for 2013 and will increase to $2.3 billion in 2014 and $3.3 billion in 2015.

India is a major customer for Boeing (BA), with purchases that include transport aircraft and Apache helicopters. Boeing is “really driving the market,” Burton says.

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The INS ‘Sumedha’, an Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) designed and built by Goa Shipyard Ltd.(GSL) will be formally commissioned by Vice Admiral Anil Chopra, Flag Officer, Commander-In-Chief, East on Friday at GSL.

 The ship after the commission will join the Eastern Naval Command at Visakhapatnam, the sword arm of Indian Navy.Sumedha is the 200th ship built by GSL. GSL has delivered four classes of OPVs to both the Navy and Coast Guard. This warship is the culmination of many years of in-house design development and ship building techniques, said a GSL spokesperson on Monday.

The commissioning of this ship marks a significant milestone in GSL’s march towards indigenisation and self reliance, he further stated.

INS ‘Sumedha’ is the third of the new 105 meter class of NOPV and the largest ship constructed by GSL for the Indian Navy.

This state-of-the-art ship will help meet the increasing requirement of the Indian Navy for undertaking ocean surveillance and surface warfare operations in order to prevent infiltration and transgression of India’s maritime sovereignty.

This ship is suitable for monitoring sea lanes of communication, defending offshore oil installations and other critical offshore national assets.

In the ongoing turf war between HAL and the Indian Air Force(IAF) over the development of the indigenous Basic Trainer Aircraft (BTA), the Ministry of Defence (MoD) winds seem to be blowing the public sector undertaking’s way.

 Following a year-long public spat between HAL supremo R K Tyagi and the then IAF chief N A K Browne, the MoD has acquiesced to the HAL continuing with the BTA project despite the IAF stand that it was no longer interested in the ambitious programme.
In fact,the MoD has come up with funds from its internal resources to aid the project undertaken by the defence PSU instead of asking the IAF to bankroll it. And the ministry’s abiding interest in the programme is particularly significant since no formal approval has been given for the same.Interestingly, the new twist to the HAL-IAF tussle came after Browne, who vociferously rejected the HAL’s HTT-40 for a BTA, retired in December and Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha succeeded him as IAF chief.

And an MoD representative told a Parliamentary Standing Committee recently that the HAL was going ahead with the development of the BTA with the help of its internal resources. This was clearly in line with the view of the HAL chief, who has been pushing for the HTT-40 project. However, the MoD representative said the revised detailed project report of HTT-40 “is yet to be approved” by the Director General (Acquisition).

HAL had informed the MoD that it felt the aircraft would be less expensive compared to the imported BTA on life cycle cost basis and the funding would be borne by the PSU internally.